In the next ten years, the Netherlands aims to make significant progress in increasing the amount of renewable energy produced and promoting electrification in heat demand and mobility. This ambition requires a complete and highly complex transformation of the energy system. The fossil-based, centralized energy system is shifting towards a decentralized system based on renewable energy. Algorithms and AI can play a significant role in accelerating this transition and achieving an efficient and sustainable energy system.
In decisions related to the energy transition, such as investments in infrastructure or the placement of renewable sources, much depends on predictions often based on limited data, and there are various interests involved. New AI technology can support these investment and design questions by grounding them in better facts, considering multiple interests more effectively, and providing better explanations for the choices made and related uncertainties. Developing the necessary technology presents a unique opportunity for the Netherlands to lead internationally and export this technology.
Opportunities for a CO2-free energy system Furthermore, there are opportunities for AI in automating the operation of the energy system, supporting energy services, and predicting and automating maintenance. The opportunities and challenges for AI in this context are outlined in a position paper titled 'AI as an accelerator of the energy transition, opportunities for a CO2-free energy system.' This document serves as a guide for future steps and a framework for possibilities and challenges that have not yet been foreseen.
Sustainability The use of AI also offers opportunities to address other societal challenges related to sustainability and make a difference. For example, in the areas of health and healthcare, education, agriculture and food, the technical industry, the built environment, safety, peace and justice, and climate. In a separate workstream, we will explore the important opportunities for AI and sustainability in the Netherlands in the coming period.